When you face the possibility of an interrogation with the police, you want every right at your disposal in order to protect yourself.
This means understanding your Miranda rights, a crucial part of going into any communicative endeavor with police.
What are your rights?
MirandaWarning.org discusses your Miranda rights and what they can do for you. By law, your Miranda rights primarily cover two things: your right to remain silent, and your right to legal representation.
Your right to remain silent essentially allows you to avoid accidental self-incrimination. It allows you to avoid engaging with police in discussion without facing any penalty for doing so.
Your right to legal representation ensures that even if you cannot afford an attorney out of pocket, the state will provide you with one. This is excellent news because legal representatives often know how to interact with police much better than the average member of the public does.
How do you invoke them?
You can simply utilize your Miranda rights by stating on record that you will utilize them. Your arresting officer should also read you your rights, and if they do not, this is potential grounds for legal action on your behalf.
However, note that even after saying you invoke your right to remain silent, you must actually remain silent. Failure to do so will allow officers to use anything you say against you, even with your Miranda rights active.
In other words, once you use your right to remain silent, actually keep quiet until your legal representation arrives.